An issue is a problem that needs to be solved, or a point in question. Issues are often political, but can also be cultural or scientific. They can be a matter of morality, or a concern with the environment, crime, or education. They can be complex and involve many different parties.
Some of the biggest issues in society are related to global poverty, climate change, and access to healthcare. Inequality, whether between men and women or between people in different economic classes, can lead to violence, mental health problems, and poorer life expectancy.
Many states have taken on these and other big issues, using grassroots organizers to push for laws that would otherwise be blocked by national leaders. This year, advocates are looking for progress in areas such as the environment, racial equity, and abortion rights.
Almost 1 in 3 children globally live in poverty, and the majority of these are girls. Children face a variety of issues, including malnutrition, lack of education, and limited access to healthcare and clean water. Women face a variety of issues as well, such as discrimination and low wages. Globally, women earn less than men and have more responsibilities at home. Many have to work in dangerous environments and are at risk of sexual violence, mental health problems, and infections.
Corruption is a major issue that hinders the fight against global poverty, climate change, and other global challenges. It can include bribery, money laundering, and other activities that undermine democracy, good governance, and development.